Good Reads

Thursday, March 25, 2010

Functions of the Many Areas of the Brain

The brain is composed of many different areas. They all have a name and they all have their specific functions they are responsible for. When any of the areas of the brain are compromised, it can cause the brain to malfunction, which in turn can cause areas of the body to malfunction, the compromise can cause unnerving symptoms, or in certain situations, even cause death. Many times you can tell which part of the brain is being compromised by realizing the symtpoms you are having. If you know what areas of the brain are responsible for which tasks, then you may be able to detect which part of the brain is being compromised.

Some of the areas of the brain and their functions are:


The brainstem has several functions. It is the base of the brain, or the lowest extension of the brain where many of the brain's functions pass. It is responsible for breathing, digestion, heart rate, your blood pressure, and your arousal, whether you are awake and alert, or asleep. The majority of the cranial nerves stem from the brainstem. The brainstem is the part of the brain where all fiber tracts pass up and down from the peripheral nerves, pass down the spinal column, and up to the highest part of the brain.


The cerebellum is located at the back of the brain and is responsible for balance and coordination. When the cerebellum is compromised, you may notice problems with ataxia, dizziness, balance and coordination problems, problems walking, talking, or eating. And even problems performing every day tasks.

Frontal Lobe:

The frontal part of the brain is responsible for planning, organizing, attention and other cognitive skills. When your frontal lobe is damaged or there is pressure being put on it, you may notice problems with your emotions or behaviors. You may have difficulty performing simple tasks, much less difficult tasks. Your frontal lobe is responsible for your higher cognitive functions.

Occipital Lobe:

The occipital lobe is the area of the brain that processes visual information. It is the area that helps to process shapes and colors. If there is any damage to this area of the brain, you will notice visual distrubances.

Parietal Lobe:

There are two parietal lobes, (left and right). They are located behind the frontal lobes. Damage to the left parietal lobe will cause problems with your ability to understand either written or spoken language. Damage to the right parietal lobe will cause problems with such things as getting around new and unfamiliar places, or even recognizing old and familiar places. The parietal lobes are also responsible for recognizing such things as touch, size, judgment, texture and weight.

Temporal Lobe:

The temporal lobes are located at each side of the brain (left and right) just about where the ears are. The temporal lobes are responsible for short term memories. The right temporal lobe is responsible primarily for visual memories. The left temporal brain is primarily responsible for verbal memories such as with names and your words.

Sunday, March 14, 2010

What Does Pressure in Your Head Feel like?

One of the most common symptoms for a patient with an arachnoid cyst, is pressure in the head. At first you may not be sure anything is wrong. You may feel a little strange in the head, and it may fade in and out - or come and go. But as your cyst grows, it can start to put pressure on the brain and on in the inside of the skull.

If your cyst is growing, you may start to notice odd symptoms that you are not quite sure if the symptoms are real, or imaginary. They may be subtle at first and increasingly grow over time. Because the symptoms can emerge slowly and subtly, you may even wonder if they are real, or all in your head.

Some of the most common signs of presure on the brain are:

(1) Dizziness - Pressure on the brain can make you feel dizzy - whether it is a spinning dizzy, or off-balance dizzy. It may be subtle at first, but the dizziness can grow and get increasingly more bothersome. You may even experience nausea with the dizziness.

(2) Pressure - The pressure that arises in your head due to a cyst can feel similar to the pressure you may feel when a plane ascends into the sky. It feels like there is not enough room in your skull for everything in there - as if your brain is growing and pressing on the inside of your skull. It can also feel like a lot of fluid in your head, as if you were filling a waterballoon and the fluid gets to be too much in the balloon, so that the insides of the balloon are bulging and ready to burst.

(3) Tight - Too much pressure can make the inside of your head feel full; crowded. It can feel like your brain is being squished. You have an unrecognizable fullness in your head and you want to constantly shake your head to relieve the fullness and help to regain cognitive thinking. You can't think straight. You lose your ability to focus and concentrate.

(4) Vision Disturbances - Your vision may become distorted. Gradually it may seem as if you are looking at the world through distorted glasses. The world may seem more cartoon-like, like images are not real. You may have blurry vision or tunnel vision.

If you are having any of these symptoms, you need to be checked. If you already know that you have a cyst and develop these symptoms, keep record of them and rate them on a daily basis with 1 being not so bad and 10 at it's worst.

Only do what you can do, physically. Do not push yourself too hard or put yourself in dangerous situations, like driving long distances if you know that you are having problems with dizziness, or cognitive skills.

Talk to your doctor about all your symptoms, the severity of them, and if new ones develop.

Friday, March 12, 2010

Trying to Stay Positive

It's easy to get down in the dumps when you don't feel well. Your body feels like it is failing you, and this can easily cause you to feel depressed and discouraged. When you physically feel bad, it can cause an array of other symptoms, many of them mental and emotional. But it is important to keep your spirits up, however, even in the deepest, darkest moments of your life.

The brain is a complicated machine that is still not fully understood, even by the medical profession. It has even the brightest doctors baffled as to how it works. So if doctors do not fully understand the mechanics of the brain, it is certain that us laymen do not either. What we do know is that when the body starts to fail us; it gets sick or has mechanical problems, it does affect the brain. Knowing this, you can imagine that if it is your brain that is not working properly, due to pressure being put on it from a cyst, then you will certainly feel the effects of this both emotionally and mentally.

You have been running from doctor to doctor trying to get someone; anyone to listen to you about your symptoms, but all you are hearing is that these cysts do not normally cause problems for people. And that it must be something else causing your symptoms. Because of this, you are sent to more doctors; all different types and from all different branches of medicine. This can be frustrating. You feel all alone and frustrated. You may even start to get depressed because you don't feel right, or feel well, and no one is listening.

If at any time in your life, however, it is important to stay positive - and it is important to stay focused. Especially if you aren't getting anyone to listen to you and you are being handed off to other branches of the medical field, such as Ear, Nose, and Throat specialists, Internal Medicine doctors, etc. If you allow yourself to get depressed or down in the dumps, you cannot stay focused enough to make the right decisions for yourself.

The trick is finding a way to have positive thinking as you pursue your endeavors to get medical treatment. And the trick is remembering that if you stay positive, you will better be able to be your best advocate.

So how do you stay positive, how do you continue to stay focused and not let your emotions get the best of you?

(1) Set goals. If you set your goals on getting yourself the best medical treatment and work toward finding the best medical attention, this can help take your mind off some of the symptoms you are dealing with. It keeps you busy. If you need to, enlist a friend or family memeber to help you research doctors or facilities for your condition. Once you've made an appointment, allow yourself to get excited about seeing someone new, and view the appointment as a new opportunity to tell your story - the story of what is going on with you and your brain.

(2) Try to continue to do things you enjoy, or once enjoyed. If you can't do everything you once used to, find something you can still do, even if it's a walk around the block. This will help take your mind of your problem, if only for a few minutes. Also, getting fresh air and a little exercise can go a long way.

(3) Get plenty of rest. When your body gets run down, even if it isn't "sick" per se, but run down from not functioning properly, it can cause you to get depressed. Keeping your body and brain rested will help to keep your spirits up and your attitude positive.

(4) Talk to Someone. If you do not feel like a family member or friend is your best option, talk to a counselor. They can help you by listening, and giving you tips on how to deal with and live with a chronic medical problem. They may even have connections or contacts for you in the medical profession; such as a neurosurgeon or neurologist to get you started or keep you going in your pursuit to find treatment.

(5) Lastly, be tenacious. Do not give up. Giving up on yourself can cause even more depression, and loss of self worth. Stay focused and keep trying. Set your goals and go for them. If you have a goal to see two neurosurgeons in two weeks time, go for it. Stick to your plans and your goals.

Monday, March 8, 2010

Talking to Your Doctor

Talking to your doctor can be intimidating. You may not feel as adequate as him, especially someone like a neurosurgeon. Sure, he has a lot of degrees hanging on his wall and sure, he is no doubt a very smart man. But you are intelligent too. Especially about your body.

Some people may not feel like they know how to speak to their doctor because he does have a medical degree, and a very difficult and specialized one at that. He has studied the brain extensively and does know a lot about it. But remember this, he does not know "all" about it. Nor does he know all about you. It is up to you to convey to your doctor exactly what is going on with you, but if you are nervous, feel intimidated, or feel inadequate to discuss such things as your nervous system and brain, you may need to take these steps to be able to have an intelligent conversation with your doctor. You may need to follow these ideas in order to convey to him exactly what you want, and exactly what has been happening to you.

(1) Document everything. Carry a tablet or diary with you all the time so that when you need to write things down, document your symptoms, or think of a question you want to ask, you won't forget.

(2) Practice talking to your doctor prior to your appointment. Stand in front of the mirror and rehearse what you want to say, what you need to say, and what is on your mind. Practice talking to your spouse, family member or friend, with what you want to say.

(3) Practice relaxation techniques. Deep breathing exercises can help you focus and stay focused. Meditation or yoga can help relax you.

Try to remember that your doctor is a person too. First and foremost he is human and may have had his own medical problems over the years or a family member with medical issues. So he may surprise you and be as open, friendly, and understanding as you want him to be. Do not panic when talking to him and think that he's not going to believe you, no matter how crazy or strange your symptoms may be. Give him a chance.

If all else fails and he is still dismissive, rude, or berates you or makes you feel uncomfortable, you have the right to find and seek medical care elsewhere. Do not be afraid of hurting anyone's feelings if you want a second opinion, or simply just do not feel comfortable and want to try a different neurosurgeon. You can always request copies of your records and go elsewhere for your medical care.

Saturday, March 6, 2010

What is an Arachnoid Cyst?

Arachnoid cysts typically develop during development while inuterine. The arachnoid membrane will sometimes, and doctors don't really understand why, but it splits and the split portion will begin to fill with cerebral spinal fluid. The arachnoid membrane is a protective mebrane around the brain.

Sometimes the cerebral fluid, getting into the arachnoid membrane, will cause the membrane to grow and get larger, creating a cyst. Not all cysts grow. Many times it depends on whether or not membrane walls build within the cyst. These walls collect cerebral fluid beind them. The fluid can get trapped inside the walls, unable to find its way out, so the cyst will grow.

Depending on where the cyst develops, it can then begin to put pressure on the different areas of the brain. Mine, is a posterior fossa arachnoid cyst. It sits on the back of the brain and has grown, over the years, to bigger than a grapefruit. It consumes a very large portion of my brain. My brain has essentially grown around it over the years, and it expects the cyst to be there now. The cyst has caused my brain to shift up and forward. It has also pushed the back of the brain, where the cerebellum and brainstem are, downward. My optic chiasm is narrowed. This is where the optic nerves pass. My fourth ventricle is narrowed, as well as my pituitary gland is compromised.

I began to have symptoms in 2003 when I was 35. I noticed slight differences in myself, like I would forget things easily; lose my train of thought easily. I also had physical symptoms. One of the first signs something wasn't right was when I would wake up in the middle of the night and my head would be numb, just like if a limb lost feeling. I couldn't move my head off my pillow. Then that developed into my head aching, right at the back of the head where the cyst was. It would hurt after leaning it against a recliner, or the seat in the car. After that, things just spiraled fairly quickly downward. I began to get dizzy alot, forgetful, confused and unable to put things where was the dairy section in the grocery store I'd shopped in so many times. And does red mean stop or go on a stop light.

It was a frightening and unnerving feeling, especially because I didn't know what was causing these odd symptoms. I saw many doctors, had MRI's, and no one wanted to associate these odd symptoms with my cyst. Even I began to believe them, that there was something else going on other than the cyst. Or maybe, I was just crazy. But when I started getting paralyzed at night when I slept, waking up not able to move an arm, a leg, or a finger, I knew it had to be my cyst. I even stopped breathing in the night, now having sleep apnea. This, I found out later, was due to the cyst putting pressure on my brainstem, which controls your breathing.

Something was gravely wrong and I had to get to the bottom of it. With no one else to believe me, or even halfway listen to me, I had to became my own advocate. I had to take charge of my body and of me. I was going to get to the bottom of this, and I was going to find a doctor who believed me and didn't think I was cuck-koo. I was going to make someone listen to me, because the way I was feeling, I just knew that my time was running out. If I didn't get someone to help me with this cyst, I was surely going to die!

Friday, March 5, 2010

Hi Everyone,

My name is Maria and I am a fellow arachnoid cyst survivor! I have created this blog to gather with my arachnoid cyst friends, lend support, and offer information about these rare brain anomalies.

This site will be a place to get together and learn and gain strength to get through and deal with whatever challenges you are faced with when living with a rare brain condition, namely arachnoid cysts!

I hope to see you on here regularly and get to know you.


I may accept ads and payments for ads on my blog.